Saturday, May 02, 2009

Companies Act_Practical Problems_77

Out of the powers exercisable by the Board under Section 292, the board wants to
delegate to the Managing Director of the company the power to borrow monies otherwise than on debentures. Advise whether such a delegation is possible? Would your answer be different, if the delegation is given to the manager or any other principal officer including a branch officer of the company?

It has been held in [P. Rangaswami Reddiar and Another vs. R. Krishnaswami Reddiar and another (1971) 43 Comp. Case 232] that where borrowing is permissible under the company’s articles and moneys were borrowed on promissory notes, such transaction would come within the powers of the director. It has also been held in the same case that where a person was appointed as the managing director of the company by the Board’s resolution vested with full powers of the management of the affairs of the company and authorised to sign all the papers of the company, he would have full powers to borrow money on a promissory note even without a resolution of the Board as contemplated by Section 292(c) of the Act.

Companies Act_Practical Problems_76

The Board of Directors of Sun Star Ltd. are contributing every year to a charitable
organization a sum of Rs.1 lac. In a particular year, the company suffered losses and the directors are contemplating to contribute the said amount in spite of the losses. In this connection, state whether the directors can do so?

The power to donate to general charities is not conditional to existence of any profit. In such a case they may contribute up to the limit given in Section. 293(1) (e), even though the company may be working at a loss. Under the section a public company can contribute in any financial year not exceeding Rs 50,000 or 5% of its average net profits during the three preceding financial years whichever is greater.