Thursday, October 02, 2008

Practical Problems_Contract Act_86

X advances to Y Rs.10,000 on the guarantee of Z. The loan carries interest at ten percent per annum. Subsequently, Y becomes financially embarrassed. On Y’s request, X reduces the interest to six per cent per annum and does not sue Y for one year after the loan becomes due. Y becomes insolvent. Can X sue Z?

X cannot sue Z, because a surety is discharged from liability when, without his consent, the creditor makes any change in the terms of his contract with the principal debtor, no matter whether the variation is beneficial to the surety or does not materially affect the position of the surety.

Practical Problems_Contract Act_85

Ajay induced Anil to buy his car saying that it was in a very good condition. After taking the car, Anil complained that there were many defects in the car. Ajay proposed to get it repaired and promised to pay 50% cost of repairs. After a few days, the car did not work at all. Now Anil wants to rescind the contract. Decide giving reasons.

The aggrieved party, in case of misrepresentation by the other party, can avoid or rescind the contract [Section 19, Indian Contract Act, 1872]. The aggrieved party loses the right to rescind the contract if he, after becoming aware of the misrepresentation, takes a benefit under the contract or in some way affirms it. Accordingly in the given case Anil could not rescind the contract, as his acceptance to the offer of Ajay to bear 50% of the cost of repairs impliedly amount to final acceptance of the sale

Practical Problems_Contract Act_84

A promised to pay B for his services at his (A) sole discretion which found to be fair and reasonable. However, B dissatisfied with the payment made by A and wanted to sue him. Decide whether B can sue A under the provisions of Indian Contract Act, 1872?

B’s suit will not be valid because the performance of a promise is contingent upon the mere will and pleasure of the promisor; hence, there is no contract. As per section 29 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 – agreements, the meaning of which is not certain, or capable of being made certain, are void”.